Citation: Could an Aqua-Net Bring Water to the Desert? (2010, July 29) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-07-aqua-net.html Explore further Satellite Imagery of Watertown Tire Fire (PhysOrg.com) — Challenges of the future include energy use and continued population growth. And, while there are millions of square miles of land available in the world, not all of it is considered fit for human habitation. Shimizu Corporation, the company contemplating the Luna Ring, has another interesting project in the “just coming up with an idea” stage: The Desert Aqua-Net. Image source: Shimizu Corporation The Desert Aqua-Net is an idea that involves the building of interconnected lakes in the desert. These 18-mile-diameter lakes would be connected by canals fed from the ocean. The lakes would include built islands that could serve as homes for cities teeming with people. Supposedly, this would work because water from the lake would cool the cities, making them livable. There would also be arable land, theoretically, after this cooling above the desert lake islands. The cities would be powered by satellite power stations, and by the sun. One of the biggest draw backs is that the lakes would be filled with seawater. While the salt water would provide the opportunities for water-based wildlife, and even for biomass development, it doesn’t provide much opportunity for drinking. However, Shimizu plans that the some of the water would be desalinated, and thus made fit for human consumption and for irrigation of crops.Of course, cost is a huge barrier to a project like the Aqua-Net. It would be extremely expensive, not to mention use vast resources, to build this Desert Aqua-Net. Other problems could easily arise, related to impacts on oceans and rivers. And, of course, predicting weather patterns, and changes to the climate, could present problems, since these cities could be impacted quite a bit. Finally, and not least, issues of sovereignty would likely arise — especially since the Desert Aqua-Net would require a great deal of cooperation between countries. More information: “Desert Aqua-Net Plan,” Shimizu Corporation. Available online: www.shimz.co.jp/english/theme/dream/desert.html. © 2010 PhysOrg.com This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
The science of spring flowers—how petals get their shape Journal information: Nature Plants Explore further Phalaenopsis orchids. Credit: Chang-Hsien Yang (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with National Chung Hsing University in Taiwan has found the proteins responsible for determining the shape of orchid lips. In their paper published in the journal Nature Plants, the team describes how they unlocked the secret of orchid shape and by so doing were able to alter the shape of the plant on demand. Barbara Gravendeel and Anita Dirks-Mulder of the Naturalis Biodiversity Center and the University of Applied Sciences Leiden, Sylviusweg, The Netherland, have published a News & Views piece on the work done by the team in the same journal issue. © 2015 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: Model for perianth formation in orchids, Nature Plants 1, Article number: 15046 (2015) DOI: 10.1038/nplants.2015.46AbstractOrchidaceae, the orchid family under the order Asparagales, contains more than 20,000 accepted species in approximately 880 genera. In contrast to most flowers of actinomorphic symmetry, orchid flowers typically have zygomorphic symmetry with a striking well-differentiated labellum (lip) that acts as the main pollinator attractant by employing visual, fragrance and tactile cues. Genetics models controlling patterning formation of actinomorphic flowers, such as Arabidopsis, are well known. However, the mechanisms of sepal/petal/lip determination remain obscure. Here, we demonstrate a conserved principle, called the Perianth (P) code, which involves competition between two protein complexes containing different AP3/AGL6 homologues to determine the formation of the complex perianth patterns in orchids. In the P code, the higher-order heterotetrameric SP (sepal/petal) complex (OAP3-1/OAGL6-1/OAGL6-1/OPI) specifies sepal/petal formation, whereas the L (lip) complex (OAP3-2/OAGL6-2/OAGL6-2/OPI) is exclusively required for lip formation. This model is validated by the conversion of lips into sepal/petal structures in Oncidium and Phalaenopsis orchids through the suppression of the proposed L complex activity in lips using the virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) strategy. A comprehensive examination of four different subfamilies of Orchidaceae further validates the P code and significantly extends the current knowledge regarding the mechanism and pathways of perianth formation in orchids. Phalaenopsis orchids. Credit: Chang-Hsien Yang Citation: Researchers find proteins responsible for orchid shape (2015, April 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2015-04-proteins-responsible-orchid.html Orchids make up the largest species of the plant family, with over 26,000 recognized. They are also somewhat unique in that they have an irregularly shaped, elongated petal called a lip, which plant scientists believe has evolved to served as a landing place for pollinators—a feature that appears to have given the plant an evolutionary advantage. But the lip is not the same for all species, or sometimes even in the same species, which has caused scientists to wonder what is the controlling mechanism for it.In this new effort, the researchers took a closer look at plant genes A,B,C,D and E, which prior research has shown are responsible in general for plant shape. Until now, no one has been able to figure out which one, or combination of the genes is responsible in particular for lip shape. Because the B class has been found to be heavily involved in petal formation in general, the researchers looked at the proteins that are expressed by that gene in orchids. They found that there were two types of protein complexes, one called the L complex (for Lip) and another called the SP complex (for sepa-petal)—both of which were made up of four proteins. They found that there was a tug-of-war between the complexes, when one exerted more influence, the plant exhibited more of that attribute. To prove their findings, they introduced a virus that was capable of knocking out one or the other of the protein complexes—in the absence of an L complex, the lip was replaced by a normal petal, whereas in the absence of an SP complex, the lip was prominent.
SuperWASP-South and SuperWASP-North in the Canary Islands, Spain, belong to an international consortium called WASP (Wide Angle Search for Planets) which is conducting an ultra-wide angle search for exoplanets using the transit photometry method. The observatories are equipped with eight wide-angle cameras each, that simultaneously monitor the sky for planetary transit events. With more than 150 exoplanets discovered to date, the SuperWASP program is currently the leading ground-based transit survey.Now, a team of astronomers led by David Anderson of Keele University in the U.K. reports another significant discovery under the SuperWASP program, based on a series of observations of three different stars, namely WASP-91, WASP-15 and WASP-107. The observational campaign using SuperWASP-South, the Euler-Swiss telescope and the TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope (TRAPPIST) was carried out between February 2009 and December 2014. While SuperWASP-South detected the transit events, follow-up spectroscopic and photometric observations conducted with Euler-Swiss and TRAPPIST telescopes confirmed the planetary nature of these events.”In this paper, we present the discoveries of three transiting exoplanets by the WASP survey: WASP-91b and WASP-105b are warm Jupiters orbiting metal-rich, early/mid-K stars; and WASP-107b is a warm super-Neptune/sub-Saturn orbiting a solar-metallicity, late-K star,” the researchers wrote.According to the research, WASP-91b is similar in size to Jupiter but 34 percent more massive than our solar system’s biggest planet. It was classified as a “warm Jupiter” as it has an equilibrium temperature of 1,160 K. The planet orbits its parent star of spectral type K3 in the constellation Tucana every 2.8 days. Another “warm Jupiter” – WASP-105b – is almost the size of Jupiter with a radius of approximately 0.96 Jupiter radii. This gaseous exoworld is more massive but cooler than WASP-91. It has a mass of about 1.8 Jupiter masses and an equilibrium temperature of 900 K. The host star WASP-105 lies in the constellation Phoenix and has a spectral type K2. The star is orbited by WASP-105b every 7.9 days.WASP-107b is much less massive than the two previously described planets and the lowest-mass planet discovered by WASP to date. While it is 96 percent of Jupiter’s size, it has a mass of only 12 percent of the mass of the solar system’s gas giant. Therefore, this extrasolar world most likely belongs to the super-Neptune or sub-Saturn group of planets. With an equilibrium temperature of 770 K, WASP-107b is also the coolest exoplanet of the newly discovered trio. It has an orbital period of about 5.7 days, circling a K6-typ star in the constellation Virgo.WASP-107b’s large radius combined with relatively low mass raises questions about the internal structure of this planet. The authors of the paper assume that it is a low-mass gas giant, with a hydrogen/helium-dominated composition. However, in order to finally resolve this issue, the team suggests further spectroscopic observations of this exoplanet. Journal information: arXiv © 2017 Phys.org Citation: Three new gas giant exoplanets discovered by SuperWASP-South (2017, January 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-01-gas-giant-exoplanets-superwasp-south.html WASP-91b discovery data. WASP lightcurve folded on the transit ephemeris. Credit: Anderson et al., 2017. More information: The discoveries of WASP-91b, WASP-105b and WASP-107b: two warm Jupiters and a planet in the transition region between ice giants and gas giants, arXiv:1701.03776 [astro-ph.EP] arxiv.org/abs/1701.03776AbstractWe report the discoveries of three transiting exoplanets. WASP-91b is a warm Jupiter (1.34 MJup, 1.03 RJup) in a 2.8-day orbit around a metal-rich K3 star. WASP-105b is a warm Jupiter (1.8 MJup, 0.96 RJup) in a 7.9-day orbit around a metal-rich K2 star. WASP-107b is a warm super-Neptune/sub-Saturn (0.12 MJup, 0.94 RJup) in a 5.7-day orbit around a solar-metallicity K6 star. Considering that giant planets seem to be more common around stars of higher metallicity and stars of higher mass, it is notable that the hosts are all metal-rich, late-type stars. With orbital separations that place both WASP-105b and WASP-107b in the weak-tide regime, measurements of the alignment between the planets’ orbital axes and their stars’ spin axes may help us to understand the inward migration of short-period, giant planets. The mass of WASP-107b (2.2 MNep, 0.40 MSat) places it in the transition region between the ice giants and gas giants of the Solar System. Its radius of 0.94 RJup suggests that it is a low-mass gas giant with a H/He-dominated composition. The planet thus sets a lower limit of 2.2 MNep on the planetary mass above which large gaseous envelopes can be accreted and retained by proto-planets on their way to becoming gas giants. We may discover whether WASP-107b more closely resembles an ice giant or a gas giant by measuring its atmospheric metallicity via transmission spectroscopy, for which WASP-107b is a very good target. Explore further Astronomers discover seven new giant exoplanets (Phys.org)—Astronomers report the discovery of three new gas giant planets using the SuperWASP-South Observatory in South Africa. Two of the newly detected alien worlds were classified as the so-called “warm Jupiters,” while one of them is most likely a super-Neptune or a sub-Saturn planet. The findings were presented in a paper published Jan. 13 on the arXiv preprint server. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen Medical scientists have worked for many years to find medications to treat brain ailments, many of which have proven effective—but their use has been stymied by the blood brain-barrier. The blood-brain barrier is a filtering mechanism involved with capillaries that carry blood to the brain. The filter is adapted to prevent harmful chemicals from entering one of the most critical organs. Scientists have looked at a variety of ways to coax chemicals through the blood-brain barrier, and while some have met with success, there is still a great need for improved options. In this new effort, the researchers have found a way to use chemotactic movement to carry desired chemicals through the filter.Chemotactic movement occurs when an organism responds to chemicals in the environment, causing them to move. The new technique does not involve inserting a foreign organism into the blood stream, of course; instead, it involves injecting vesicles (dubbed “nanoswimmers”), which are little pods filled with chemicals that move on their own through a chemical action called Brownian motion. Such motion is induced by making the vesicles asymmetric, with one side more permeable than the rest of the vesicle shell. This allows more of the material inside to react with material outside at just one side of the vesicle, causing it to move toward the material it finds attractive. (Phys.org)—An international team of researchers has developed a way to take advantage of chemotactic movement to carry drugs through the blood-brain barrier. In their paper published on the open access site Sciences Advances, the researchers describe the technique and its effectiveness in test rats. Play Glucose-guided nanoswimmers in a petri dish. Credit: Joseph et al., Sci. Adv. 2017;3: e1700362 Building a better blood-brain barrier model Explore further More information: Adrian Joseph et al. Chemotactic synthetic vesicles: Design and applications in blood-brain barrier crossing, Science Advances (2017). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1700362AbstractIn recent years, scientists have created artificial microscopic and nanoscopic self-propelling particles, often referred to as nano- or microswimmers, capable of mimicking biological locomotion and taxis. This active diffusion enables the engineering of complex operations that so far have not been possible at the micro- and nanoscale. One of the most promising tasks is the ability to engineer nanocarriers that can autonomously navigate within tissues and organs, accessing nearly every site of the human body guided by endogenous chemical gradients. We report a fully synthetic, organic, nanoscopic system that exhibits attractive chemotaxis driven by enzymatic conversion of glucose. We achieve this by encapsulating glucose oxidase alone or in combination with catalase into nanoscopic and biocompatible asymmetric polymer vesicles (known as polymersomes). We show that these vesicles self-propel in response to an external gradient of glucose by inducing a slip velocity on their surface, which makes them move in an extremely sensitive way toward higher-concentration regions. We finally demonstrate that the chemotactic behavior of these nanoswimmers, in combination with LRP-1 (low-density lipoprotein receptor–related protein 1) targeting, enables a fourfold increase in penetration to the brain compared to nonchemotactic systems. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Play A summary of how the glucose-guided nanoswimmers could deliver drugs to the brain and other hard-to-reach parts of the central nervous system. Credit: Joseph et al., Sci. Adv. 2017;3: e1700362 The researchers noted that one of the main materials that passes through the blood brain barrier is glucose, because the brain uses it as an energy source. By causing the vesicles to be attracted to glucose in higher concentrations, the researchers were able to coax the vesicle through the blood-brain barrier and into the brains of test mice. Once there, the vesicles were free to dissolve, releasing the chemicals inside. The researchers report finding a four-fold increase in the amount of medicine reaching the brain as compared to conventional methods. Journal information: Science Advances © 2017 Phys.org Citation: Chemotactic movement used to carry drugs through blood-brain barrier (2017, August 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-08-chemotactic-movement-drugs-blood-brain-barrier.html PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Citation: Measuring impact of ‘likes’ by users on Facebook being targeted by sellers (2017, November 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-11-impact-users-facebook-sellers.html More information: S. C. Matz et al. Psychological targeting as an effective approach to digital mass persuasion, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1710966114AbstractPeople are exposed to persuasive communication across many different contexts: Governments, companies, and political parties use persuasive appeals to encourage people to eat healthier, purchase a particular product, or vote for a specific candidate. Laboratory studies show that such persuasive appeals are more effective in influencing behavior when they are tailored to individuals’ unique psychological characteristics. However, the investigation of large-scale psychological persuasion in the real world has been hindered by the questionnaire-based nature of psychological assessment. Recent research, however, shows that people’s psychological characteristics can be accurately predicted from their digital footprints, such as their Facebook Likes or Tweets. Capitalizing on this form of psychological assessment from digital footprints, we test the effects of psychological persuasion on people’s actual behavior in an ecologically valid setting. In three field experiments that reached over 3.5 million individuals with psychologically tailored advertising, we find that matching the content of persuasive appeals to individuals’ psychological characteristics significantly altered their behavior as measured by clicks and purchases. Persuasive appeals that were matched to people’s extraversion or openness-to-experience level resulted in up to 40% more clicks and up to 50% more purchases than their mismatching or unpersonalized counterparts. Our findings suggest that the application of psychological targeting makes it possible to influence the behavior of large groups of people by tailoring persuasive appeals to the psychological needs of the target audiences. We discuss both the potential benefits of this method for helping individuals make better decisions and the potential pitfalls related to manipulation and privacy. Fake Facebook ‘like’ networks exploited code flaw to create millions of bogus ‘likes’ Credit: CC0 Public Domain Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Most people who use Facebook know that the people behind the social behemoth collect data regarding everything users do on the site and then sell that data to companies who use it to create targeted ads on the same site. But until now, what has not been clear is if there are ways to manipulate the model in a way that may not be as obvious. In this new effort, the researchers looked at the impact of targeting users based on nothing more than “likes” they made for two given entities.In a prior effort, researchers at Cambridge had created a massive database by combing information available from user profiles on Facebook. Part of that data included “likes” made by users for other users or entities such as corporate pages. In this new effort, the researchers looked at “likes” given for just two of those: Lady Gaga and Stargate. The team at Cambridge had found some evidence suggesting that girls or women who “liked” Lady Gaga’s page tend to be more extroverted than average. In contrast, girls or women “liking” Stargate’s page tend to be more introverted.The researchers then worked with an online beauty product maker who used the data from Cambridge to create and buy ads on Facebook targeted at women based on whether they were deemed more extroverted or introverted as determined solely on their decision to click on a “like” for one or the other chosen pages.After running the ads for a period of time (which reached a total of 3.1 million people), the unnamed beauty product maker reported back to the researchers that the scheme had resulted in a clear increase in both clicks on their ads (1.4 times as many) and in sales (1.5 times as many) as compared to untargeted advertising on the same site. This, the researchers note, could have far reaching implications, because the same technique could also be used for other purposes, such as influencing elections. © 2017 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A small team of researchers from Columbia Business School, Stanford University and the Wharton School of Business all in the U.S. and the University of Cambridge in the U.K. has found a way to show that sellers targeting ads at users based on their profiles on Facebook can have a dramatic impact on sales. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes the experiment they carried out, what they found, and some possible implications of their findings.
Nailed It: Bringing Science Into Nail Art Shuran Huang by NPR News Luisa Torres 8.24.19 2:56pm Of all the things I love about being a girl, I love doing nail art the most. But I’m also a scientist, and scientists aren’t usually associated with perfectly manicured nails. Nail art became my way of debunking some common stereotypes, including those that associate scientists with being cold or unapproachable.I got into nail art four years ago after a friend of mine bought a beginner nail art kit. It contained one metal plate with various nail-sized designs etched on the surface – animals, flowers, food – along with nail polish, a scraper and a silicone stamper.Here’s how it works: Cover a design on the plate with nail polish, then spread the polish into the etched-out spaces with the scraper. Press the stamper onto the plate and then onto your nail.I remember awkwardly pressing the stamper against my red-colored nails. When I looked at the end result — a flower pattern, albeit with some smudged edges — I was instantly hooked. I ordered a kit for myself that night, and I never paid for a salon manicure again.Following my first try at nail stamping, I searched for tutorials on YouTube and Instagram to improve my technique. I discovered a whole world I didn’t know existed, including more advanced nail stamping techniques that allowed me to create my own nail designs to transfer to my nails. I experimented with flowers and butterflies and colorful geometric shapes. That was good practice for a later attempt at snowflakes (above).At the time, I was working as a research scientist studying Alzheimer’s disease at Cornell University, where I was looking for ways to get lay people interested in science. On Instagram, I found some science communicators using drawings or video to explain concepts like how stem cells help heal wounds.Then I had an epiphany! None of these science communicators were using nail art as a platform. And none of the nail artists I followed were doing scientific designs.I had been blogging about science for a while, but I wanted to try something new. So on October 10, 2018, I started an Instagram account (@nailsciart) where I’d use nail art to reach a very specific demographic: teenage girls. I wanted to show them the fun side of science through an art form many of them could find appealing — and that it’s possible to have polished nails and work on cool science.I pick themes according to the season. Last October, I did a Halloween series explaining what bats do for humans and the environment.I’ve also done designs that illustrate my interviews with scientists for Locally Sourced Science, a radio show hosted by my local radio station in Ithaca, N.Y. When I interviewed the curator of the fungi collection at the Cornell Plant Pathology Herbarium, I stamped colorful fungi on my nails (above). Lately, I have been experimenting with drawing brain cell types such as neurons (shown below) and microglia using fine brushes. I used one of those designs to accompany an Instagram post about a story I wrote for NPR as an intern this summer, which was about detecting brain activity in seemingly unconscious patients.Part of my internship was writing for the global health team. My nail art of parasitic worms (below, from left to right: a flatworm, a hookworm and a tapeworm) and microbes connects to many topics in this field.The reactions to my posts have always been positive. Some compliment my designs, while others like the novelty of using nail art to talk science. And I love hearing from people who say they’ve learned something new.Having my nails done instantly boosts my confidence (as do the encouraging Instagram comments). Doing science nail art gives me an excuse to show what a scientist looks like today.Tips:Get a stamper with a clear bottom so you can see where on your nail you are placing the stamp.For crisp stamps, use stamping polishes with a thick consistency. I recommend Maniology’s products.If you want to color your stamped designs, use the reverse-stamping technique. This involves stamping on a silicone mat on which you can use different polishes to color the design and finish by covering it with a layer of clear polish. This turns the design into a decal that you can peel off and paste on your nail. For this, I recommend a Bliss Kiss silicone mat.Use 100% acetone to clean your plates and scraper. Use a lint roller or Scotch tape to clean your silicone stamper.Luisa Torres was this summer’s AAAS Mass Media Fellow on NPR’s science desk. She’s on Twitter @luisatorresduq.Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit NPR.
Kolkata: One woman was killed in a road accident in North Bengal while six others including a police constable were injured in two separate accidents in the city and its Southern fringes on Tuesday.The first incident took place in North Dinajpur’s Raigunge when a woman was crossing the National Highway 34 near Sohrai More. The identity of the woman is yet to be ascertained by the police. The incident caused traffic congestion on the busy National Highway 34 in the morning. The eyewitnesses told the police that a loaded truck was running at a top speed when the woman suddenly came on the road. The driver applied a sudden brake to save the woman. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsAs the vehicle was at a top speed, he could not control the vehicle and it hit the woman. Locals rushed the injured victim to a nearby hospital where the doctors declared her brought dead. Some locals staged a protest demonstration in the area alleging that vehicles often ply through the area at a top speed. They demanded that police must maintain surveillance in the area to ensure that vehicles do not flout traffic norms. Vehicles remained stranded for sometime in the morning. A huge contingent of police rushed the spot to bring the situation under control. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedSenior police officers assured the locals that steps would be taken to check speeding vehicles in the area. The traffic movement became normal gradually. The truck driver, however, fled the spot along with the vehicle immediately after the accident. Police are conducting raids to nab the truck driver.In the other incident, a police constable was injured when the bike he was riding was hit by a car on DL Khan road near AJC Bose Road crossing on Tuesday afternoon. The victim has been identified as Rabindra Nath Dhibar. A constable of Park Circus traffic guard Dhibar received injury on his knee. He was immediately taken to SSKM Hospital for treatment. The driver of the car has been arrested and the vehicle has been seized.In the third incident, five including two women were injured when a truck hit three shops on the Canal Side Road under Sonarpur police station. The victims were passing through the area when the truck driver lost control over the vehicle and hit the shops. They were taken to a hospital for treatment. Police have seized the vehicle while the driver has fled the spot after the accident.
A diet high in fat content can lead to anxiety and depression by causing measurable changes in the brain, researchers report.Also, the beneficial effects of an antidepressant were blunted in mice fed with a high-fat diet. When treating depression, there is no predictor of treatment resistance.“So if we consider metabolic disorders as a treatment resistance predictor, this should encourage psychiatrists to put in place a personalised treatment with antidepressant drugs that do not further destabilise metabolism,” explained Bruno Guiard, senior author of the study appeared in the British Journal of Pharmacology.The results set the tone for future investigations on potential mechanisms that may link metabolic and psychiatric disorders.
India has an unchallenged global leadership in handmade carpets with an impressive 38 per cent share in world exports. Unique designs and skilful hand-knotting, hand tufting and hand weaving leave international consumers simply in awe. In FY 2014-15, India’s handmade carpet exports went up by a healthy 17 per cent. Carpet Export Promotion Council (CEPC) has played a key role in establishing this lead over the last two decades through consistent efforts towards skill development, market promotions and fulfilling Corporate Social Responsibility. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’It regularly runs several projects towards education, health, social welfare and social infrastructure in clusters like Bhadohi. CEPC also acts as a catalyst among international buyers, Indian exporters, government and the carpet weavers. India offers unique carpets and rugs in blends like cotton-jute, jute-wool silk-blends and other combinations with wool and silk. Indian weavers are quick to respond to diverse design and product needs. That is why, despite severe competition, Indian handmade carpets continue to enjoy increasing demand worldwide. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixWhat is the current position of India’s carpet exports? Inspite of many ups and down in international markets, 2015 was a steady year for us. Problems like migrants from Syria etc. have disturbed economic sentiments in Europe. Other regional economic and political problems too have adversely impacted our carpet exports. But demand in USA has picked up, increasing its share in our exports up to 45-46 per cent from 35 per cent. This set off the decline in European share, enabling us to maintain our export growth at 10-12 per cent, which considering the market conditions, must be considered healthy. During FY 2015-16, we shall meet the target of Rs 10,000 crore, which is much higher than Rs 8,600 crore in FY 2014-15. Where does India’s share stand in the world market?It remains at 37-38 per cent. We are optimistic to increase it further.Do you see a major impact of the Middle-East crisis like Syria on India’s carpet exports?Crisis like wars and instability always cause a concern in any market and their impact definitely percolates down on the people. They start worrying about the basics and lose focus on luxury items like carpets. So, some impact would be there. Does India import carpets too?Only machine made carpets. But there is no competition between handmade and machine made carpets as buyers are different for both. What is the share of handmade carpets in overall global carpet consumption?Only about 10-12 per cent.Are Indian manufacturers switching over to machine-made carpets as well?Some of them are. But only to cater to the domestic demand. But for exports, there is no production of machine made carpets. As India doesn’t have much production of machine made carpets, lot of cheap machine-made carpets are also being imported. Where do you see the demand trend going for handmade carpets in the next one year, especially in terms of products and designs?Abstract designs are a major trend. People have been buying oriental designs for quite some time and certainly seek a change now. In terms of materials, wool and viscose blends and pure viscose will be preferred over pure wool. This is because the younger generation prefers fashion elements like viscose that has shine, like resilience and strength. They do not want very long lasting, but bright, trendy and cheaper floor coverings, which they can change frequently.What is the current situation with Kashmir, especially with its silk carpets?Silk carpet production is quite stable. With neither a surplus nor a scarcity of goods, the demand and supply situation for silk carpets in Kashmir is quite balanced. There is no disruption in regular production and hence the situation is healthy.What is the status of the Training Programme for carpet weavers started by the Council recently?CEPC took a very big initiative last year, beginning with Jayapura, which is from Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s constituency. We started training local women of that village in carpet weaving in their own places. In due course, the training programme was further expanded to Bhadohi, Mirzapur and other areas under the Cluster Development Scheme of Ministry of Textiles, government of India. By now we have successfully opened 144 Training Centres. Each centre trains 24 persons, 12 on hand knotted and 12 on hand tufted carpets. 70 per cent of the trainees are women.
Kolkata: Two girl students of Class XII from a school in North 24-Parganas’ Deganga attempted suicide in a gap of 15 minutes during school hours triggering tension among other students.Both the victims have been undergoing treatment at Barasat District hospital. One of the victims is stated to be critical. The incident took place at Chuarashia High School in Deganga. It was learnt that both the victims were behaving normally on Monday morning.Their classmates do not have the slightest idea as to why the duo attempted suicide inside the class. The victims are from two different sections of the same class. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeAfter the second period got over and teacher left the classroom, one of the victims suddenly took out a blade and slit her wrist. Her classmates suddenly found the victim bleeding profusely from her left wrist.After being informed the headmaster of the school and other teachers rushed to the classroom. They took the victim to Barasat District Hospital.When the victim was taken to the hospital, the other student attempted suicide by consuming poison that she might have carried to school from home. The two incidents occurred in a gap of 15 minutes.The second victim fell unconscious after consuming the poison. Some school teachers took her to Barasat District Hospital. The school authorities are yet to ascertain the cause as to why the two girls attempted suicide. The school authorities have lodged a complaint with the local police station on the basis of which a probe has been initiated. Police are investigating if the victims attempted suicide after being jilted in love.According to hospital sources, the one who slit her wrist is in a serious condition, while the other girl is showing a sign of improvement. Both the victims have been kept under close monitoring, hospital authorities said.
Infants’ brains can understand what they are observing and thus can copy other people’s action, finds a new study providing the first evidence that directly links neural responses from the motor system to overt social behaviour in infants. Babies understand what they are observing.There is a direct connection between observing others, understanding what others are doing, and learning how to act abilities which are often disrupted in developmental disabilities, including autism, the researchers said. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Like adults, infants show this response when acting themselves and when watching others’ actions, suggesting that the motor system of babies may play a role in the perception of others’ actions, the researchers pointed out.“Our research provides initial evidence that motor system recruitment is contingently linked to infants’ social interactive behaviour,” said lead author Courtney Filippi, doctoral candidate at the University of Chicago in the US. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixThe findings showed that recruiting the motor system during action encoding predicts infants’ subsequent social interactive behaviour, the researchers stated.“This understanding on the part of a baby involves not just seeing the other person’s action, but also involves the baby’s own motor system, which is recruited when he or she chooses the same toy,” said Helen Tager-Flusberg, professor at Boston University in the US, who was not involved in the research. The study, published in the journal Psychological Science, showed that by the middle of their first year of life, babies begin to understand that people act intentionally. “Here we looked at the development of social cognition, social behaviour, and the motor system, all of which are critical for human development and are often disrupted in developmental disabilities, including autism,” explained co-author Amanda Woodward, professor at the Chicago University.For the study, the team involved 36 seven-month-old infants, whose brain activity was measured using electroencephalography (EEG), during an experiment, where each infant had to observe a person reaching out to a toy.Babies’ brain activity predicted how they would respond to the person’s behaviour.When the infants recruited their motor system while observing the person grasp the toy, they subsequently imitated him.When they didn’t imitate the person, there was no detectable engagement of the motor system in their brain activity as they watched him.
Kolkata: The largest cold store warehouse facility in the country was inaugurated in Howrah on Thursday.The new cold storage which has been constructed through financial assistance from the UK government has a capacity to store 85,000 tonne of food products. Crystal Logistics Cool Chain limited, a cold chain logistics company inaugurated the expansion of its cold storage warehouse in Howrah with a capacity of 11,000 pallets, up from 5,000 pallets earlier, a press statement issued by the British Deputy High Commission Office in Kolkata said. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeApart from holding a huge amount of food products, the new warehouse will also improve market access which will help in increasing household income of the people. The fund is provided by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID) to help low income states with equity partnerships for small infrastructure development. Senior representatives from DFID inaugurated the facility. Bruce Bucknell, British Deputy High Commissioner in Kolkata said: “I am delighted that the UK is supporting this expansion of an important business district in Bengal. The development of the cold chain infrastructure will allow more agricultural and food products to reach wider markets.” Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedAccording to a senior official of the British Deputy High Commission in Kolkata, the increased cold storage capacity will benefit players across the marine value chain linking fishermen to large exporters. It will enable the prevention of food waste by creating infrastructure that can house seasonal and perishable food products. Various products which are stored and shipped through the facility will cater to the exporters and institutional consumers. The Department for International Development (DFID) India is a United Kingdom government department responsible for fostering development partnership between the UK and India. The goal of the department is to eliminate world poverty and promote sustainable development.
Kolkata: On the 10th anniversary of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Monday paid tribute to those who laid down their lives to protect others.She also extended sympathies to those who lost their dear ones in the attacks carried out by 10 members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistan-based terrorist organisation, in 2008. “On the 10th anniversary of the 26/11 attack, my sincere tribute to those who lost their lives on that day. “Salutes to the police and military personnel, and civilians, who put their lives on the line to save people. Heartfelt sympathies with the families who lost their dear ones,” Banerjee said in a Twitter post on Monday. Terrorists carried out a string of coordinated shooting and bombing attacks that began on November 26 and lasted until November 29, 2008 in which more than 159 people, including nine attackers were killed and over a hundred wounded in the business capital of the country.
With the onset of winter, comes an everlasting lust for delicacies which often leads to holiday weight gain! The Spice Route at The Imperial, New Delhi has arranged a mouthwatering list of recipes in order to celebrate winter in a very healthy approach. A brainchild of Chef Veena, Chef De Cuisine at The Spice Route, the menu came into existence more than twenty years ago straight from the Southeast Asian kitchens. From the kitchens of Thailand and Malaysia, the menu takes one to Kerala and Sri Lanka with its specially curated delicacies. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIf you have a weakness for seafood, especially tiger-prawns, what is waiting at the Spice Route will be an appealing surprise for your taste buds. One cannot help but drool over Pla Kung, a tangy prawn starter flavoured with lemongrass and tom yum paste. Take a spoon full of the starter and reach out for more every time your plate looks empty. A very crispy addition to the already great start would be Kung Hom Pha, lemongrass flavoured prawns wrapped in por-pia skin. As you bite into the blanketed prawns dipped in your choice of sauce from the wide assortment on the table, what spreads inside your mouth is a blast of flavours. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveDancing prawns or Kung Tein – charcoal grilled jumbo prawns served with garlic and cilantro dressing, are there to help you beat the chill with some hot and smoky flavours. When it comes to a choice between Biryani and fish, many are left bewildered, but Chef Veena’s Meen Kodan Biryani – mixed sea food Kerala style Biryani puts an end to the long dilemma. As you insert a spool-full of the spicy rice and lobsters in oyster sauce, it melts in the mouth diffusing a heavenly feeling. Kung Nang Khee Mao — wok fried drunkened lobster with Thai ginger finger, fresh green pepper in Thai oyster sauce, promises to stir your senses with a flavourful encounter. Another mention-worthy dish is the Phad Khing Pla – sole fillet with black fungus and celery stems; with some steamed rice the sole fillets will win your heart right away. While you plan on a sweet ending, try their coconut ice cream with some salted peanuts as suggested by the chef. Even though it might sound a little unnerving, the combination is quite classy. Talking of class, caffeine enthusiasts must try the coffee ice cream at The Spice Route. The bittersweet enigma of coffee blended into one of the coolest desserts on the planet is a must-have for all the not-so-sweet-tooth foodies. While you let the taste of coffee spread over your senses gradually, you will experience the tantalising aromatic java jerk up your senses to an energising start after the meal.Designed to offer a comforting dining experience the menu, offers some of the best seafood dishes to suit the palate of gourmet foodies. Drop in for lunch or dinner with your friends and family to relish winter through the best prawn dishes in town. The menu will be available until January 31, 2018.
New York: Do you have an on and off relationship with your romantic partner? Beware, it can affect your mental health, say researchers.The findings showed that an increase in breaking up and reuniting was associated with more psychological distress symptoms such as depression and anxiety. It is because such relationships are associated with higher rates of abuse, poorer communication and lower levels of commitment.”Breaking up and getting back together is not always a bad omen for a couple. In fact, for some couples, breaking up can help partners realise the importance of their relationship, contributing to a healthier, more committed union,” said Kale Monk, Assistant Professor at the University of Missouri in the US. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”On the other hand, partners who are routinely breaking up and getting back together could be negatively impacted by the pattern,” she added.For the study, appearing in the journal Family Relations, the team examined data from more than 500 individuals currently in relationships. They found that partners often break up and reunite on necessity or practicality. For example, a person might stay in a relationship for financial reasons or partners might stay together because they feel they have invested too much time into the relationship to leave. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveFormer partners should get back together based on dedication, not obligation, Monk suggested.The researchers suggested that people in these kinds of relationships should make informed decisions about stabilising or safely terminating their relationships.”The findings suggest that people who find themselves regularly breaking up and getting back together with their partners need to ‘look under the hood’ of their relationships to determine what’s going on,” Monk said. “If partners are honest about the pattern, they can take the necessary steps to maintain their relationships or safely end them. This is vital for preserving their well-being,” Monknoted.
Natya Ballet Centre in association with Sangeet Natak Akademi is hosting the second edition of ‘The Natya Ballet Dance Festival’ from November 30 to December 2, 2018 (Friday to Sunday) at Sangeet Natak Akademi premises. The three-day long festival will feature thought-provoking and mesmerzing performances, talks, presentations and film screenings with the host of eminent and distinguished artists from India and abroad.This year, the festival aims to explore ‘Dance in Film’ and ‘Dance in Theatre’ and showcase works that transcend any one medium. The event is filled with rich and diverse programs that will showcase the best of both local and global art forms along with a tete-a-tete with living legends of Indian dance. One of the highlights of this year’s edition is that it will also an emphasis on the female power in dance and theatre. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfFirst day of the festival will start with a Masterclass by Ananya Chatterjea, a renowned choreographer from the USA and artistic director of Ananya Dance Theatre. It is an intensive of contemporary Indian dance technique, Yorchhā, which brings together movement principles from Odissi, and Mayurbhanj Chhau. It will also highlight how to blend gender-based narratives in choreographic process. Later in the evening, Katkatha Puppet Arts Trust will present their performance ‘Mahabharata’. It is a contemporary retelling of the epic Mahabharata that employs the Japanese technique of Bunraku, masks and shadow theatre and elements of Chhau and Kalaripayattu. The performance will explore the inner dilemma of the fifteen prominent characters of the epic tale, through a stream of the conscious narrative of their past and present motives. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”With the second edition of the festival we wanted to go beyond just dance to showcase the various aspects of it inside and outside the proscenium space, and more importantly in the context of theatre and film. We are very excited to bring bold and assertive works from India and abroad that reinvestigates conventional storytelling in today’s context for a discerning audience and delves in a deeper discourse on how art can push boundaries to mobilize social change, said Radhika Hoon, Chairperson, Natya Ballet Centre. The second day will start with a new energy when Astad Deboo, whose name is synonymous with Contemporary Indian Dance joins Dr Arshiya Sethi for a candid conversation. This will be followed by a tete-a-tete between the legendary Kathak exponent Pandit Birju Maharaj and Manjari Sinha. The festival will continue with ‘Dance in Theatre’ segment, where Maya Krishna Rao, a renowned Indian theatre artist, stand-up comedian, and social activist, will talk about her experience of how dance and theatre collide and flows into each other on the rehearsal floor. This will be followed by a dialogue between Vinay Kumar, Artistic Director of Adishakti Theatre and Dr Anita Cherian, theatre academician on the ouevre of Veenapani Chawla and the current work practice at Adishakti. The ‘Dance in Theatre’ segment will come to an end with a panel discussion with eminent Bharatnatyam dancer Jyotsna Shourie and Gowri Ramnarayan moderated by Saumya Baijal, a bilingual writer, poet, storyteller in English and Hindi. The evening will close with two international performances -‘We are waiting at the Border’ a confrontational and intimate public space performance, by the famous Dutch dance company Vloeistof and ‘Ayush’ a brilliant amalgamation of western dramaturgy and Kathak choreography by Korzo Theatre from The Hague, The Netherlands. The event will also see active participation of the students from various colleges. Speaking about engaging the youngsters, Nikita Maheshwary, Creative Director, Natya Ballet Centre said, “We did outreach programme in various colleges and universities to involve students. We didn’t want them to be here just as audience.” The third day of the festival will kick start with the second segment of ‘Meet The Legends’ with a conversation between Mallika Sarabhai, an eminent choreographer, dancer, filmmaker, actress, writer and social activist and Dr Arshiya Sethi followed by Leela Samson, who is an expert performer and a sensitive interpreter of the nuances of Bharatanatyam whose session will be moderated by Professor Naman P Ahuja. The afternoon session will have award-winning filmmakers such as SabaDewan, Justin McCarthy, Sharada Ramanathan, and Vikram Iyengar present their dance films. The closing performance of the festival, ‘AhamSita’ is directed by GowriRamnarayan and performed by Priyadarshini Govind. This act is a blend of dance, music and the spoken word and frames five crucial moments in the life of Sita along with the less heard women of the Ramayana – Urmilla, Mandodari, Surpanakha, and Ahalya.
Kolkata: Yangon Aerodrome Company Ltd organised a one-day roadshow in Kolkata on Friday to attract more tourists from India and Bengal to Myanmar.In recent times, the inflow of tourists from India to neighbouring Myanmar is on the rise with the Myanmar government granting visas-on-arrival to Indian passport holders. “This roadshow is an important occasion for us to collaborate with our Indian counterparts and partners to develop more air routes so that more people can experience what Myanmar has to offer and vice-versa,” said Jose Angeja chief operating officer at Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataYangon Aerodrome Company Ltd. According to May Myat Mon Win, chairperson of Myanmar Tourism Federation in the year 2018, altogether 40,000 tourists from India went to Myanmar and in the first five months of 2019 there has been an increase of more than 6 percent in the footfall of India tourists. “We feel that the time is ripe to promote Myanmar. We are beginning with a roadshow in Kolkata and will be holding a rally to promote tourism in the month of November. We will be holding a roadshow in Mumbai in 2020,” said Mon Win. About 58,000 tourists from Myanmar visited India in 2018. Also Read – Lightning kills 8, injures 16 in stateApart from classical destinations such as Yangoon, Mandalay, Bagan and Inle Lake, Myanmar Tourism Federation is also promoting nine new destinations that will enable tourists to delve deep into its hidden corners. The new destinations are Mrauk U, Lokkaw, Putao, Hsipaw, Mt. Victoria, Mergui Archipelago, Mogok, Hpaan and Kyaing Tong. The participants attending the event agreed to work jointly to promote air connectivity. The only Indian airline operating at Yangon International Airport is Air India, which operates three scheduled flight per week to and from New Delhi. Air India is planning to increase its frequency of flights from India to Myanmar. It will start twice a week operation from Mumbai to Myanmar. Yangon International Airport handled a total of 6.035 million passengers in 2018.
‘A Tryst with Art’, a painting exhibition has been organised for art lovers in Delhi. In this exhibition, the cynosure of all eyes is Kiran Soni Gupta (IAS), and the center of attraction is her 120 paintings – which have been displayed at the Lalit Kala Academy, until January 24. This exhibition has been organised on the theme of environment, sustainability and rich resources of nature which are available to the society. There are some famous paintings like watercolors, acrylic on canvas, oil on canvas, oil on paper, pen sketch and syno prints paintings. Famous semi-classical singer Rini Mukharjee also came to exhibit and observe the beautiful paintings at the venue. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfArtist Kiran Soni Gupta is an accomplished officer and besides being an artist, also a prolific writer and keen photographer. Currently serving as Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor in Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, she is also a national award winner from National Productivity Council and NABARD. Making her impact on international level, the artist has already done 45 solo and 85 group exhibitions across the globe. The artist has participated in exhibition in countries like USA, France, Canada, Iran, Shri lanka, Chicago and many more. The artist also attached a feather to her cap, being the only Indian to participate in Le Louvre Museum in Paris, France. About her artworks, Kiran Gupta rightly mentions that all her paintings are inspired by nature while travelling in India and abroad. Further, she also quotes that, all her paintings acknowledge the sustainability and the environment. Some of the most attractive paintings of the artist including ‘wintry morning’, ‘cosmos’, ‘golden garden’, ‘sad boy’ and ‘Buddha head’, and ‘toddler Ganesha’ sculpture, have been exhibited here.
A wealthy Missouri farmer and loyal Democrat named Valentine Tapley vowed that if the Republican Abraham Lincoln were elected president, the farmer would never shave again. He kept his promise, and then some. By the time Tapley died, at 80 years old in 1910, his beard was over 12 feet long! Talk about going to great lengths to stage a political protest. In truth, the man with the prodigious beard had already begun his project well before the 1860 elections. Born in 1830, the oldest son of four children, Tapley reported that he sprouted his first facial hairs when he was 13. He never shaved. By the time he was 20, Tapley had a beard that was so long he had to braid it and tuck it inside his shirt when he worked on the farm. As the beard lengthened, Tapley wrapped it around his body beneath his clothes. Eventually, he would roll up his beard, stuff it inside a silk pouch, and lay the package inside his clothes.By the time of Lincoln’s election in 1860, Tapley’s beard was already six feet long, so his vow to never shave was hardly a hardship. When Tapley’s beard reached eight feet, it was claimed to be the longest in the world. Tapley was offered a handsome sum of $5,000 (or more than $125,000 in today’s dollars) to partake in an exhibit in a London Museum. He declined.Local children asked Tapley if they could use his beard for the annual May Pole dance, according to the Hannibal (Missouri) Courier-Post. He declined that request as well.Tapley was proud of his unusual facial locks. “He dislikes any questions whether they are the longest in the world,” the Newport News reported in 1904. The News described Tapley, at the time 74, as “hale and hearty and lives an active life on the farm.” It also reported that in consideration of his beard, “he will not burn brush or work around a fire.”Remarkably, Tapley wasn’t the only man in his neighborhood to go to such astonishing lengths with his facial hair. A local judge who’d moved to the area after partaking in the 1849 California Gold Rush, Elijah Gates, had himself grown a seven-foot-long beard. The New York Times interviewed a Missouri congressman about the dueling beardsmen.“A curious thing about these fellows, and that makes me think a man’s character can be told by his whiskers,” Congressman Champ Clark, of Pikes County, Missouri, told the Times on November 10, 1907. “Elijah Gates is a pugnacious kind of a fellow, not a scrapper or a brawler, you understand, but of a stubborn type of man. His whiskers are right stiff, like a horse’s mane. But Valentine Tapley, his are soft as silk, and Tapley is mild mannered and thoroughly agreeable, one of those unanimous sorts of fellows.”Valentine TapleyMostly, the men kept their beards under wraps, but such an achievement needed to be shared. As Congressman Clark told the Times, “Old man Tapley takes out his once or twice a year for the benefit of his neighbors.”A photo of Tapley and his beard appeared in the November 2010 issue of Popular Mechanics. “A beard that is more than twice as long as its owner is tall is the boasted possession of Valentine Tapley. … It is exactly 12 ft. long, and has to be wound around the waist or hung about the shoulders to keep it from trailing.”Related story from us:“To beard or not to beard” was the stance of Joseph Palmer, the farmer and war veteran who was sent to jail for his facial hairBy the time of the magazine’s publication, Tapley had already passed away. He died on April 3, 1910, at age 80. He was so paranoid that his beard would fall victim to grave robbers that he requested to be buried in a fortified coffin. Gates died on February 9, 1918; he was 83.
Eyes Wide Shut was Stanley Kubrick’s last film which not only stood the test of time, but since its premiere in 1999 has kept on stirring discussions and analysis about its allusiveness, mysteriousness and peculiar events that happened during the 15-month shoot of the film. The film is based on the 1926 novella Traumnovelle (Dream Story) by Arthur Schnitzler, however, it is not completely true to the main plot and themes, which take a different course in the adaptation.In The Philosophy of Stanley Kubrick by Jerold Abrams, Kubrick explained his particular interest in the novella which he later recreated.Stanley Kubrick, during filiming of his movie 2001: a Space Odyssey. (Photo by Dmitri Kessel/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)“The book explores the sexual ambivalence of a happy marriage and tries to equate the importance of sexual dreams and might-have-been with reality. The book opposes the real adventures of a husband and the fantasy adventures of his wife, and asks the question: is there a serious difference between dreaming a sexual adventure, and actually having one?”Kubrick kept the royalties of Schnitzler’s work for almost 30 years during which he also filmed his masterpiece A Clockwork Orange.Stanley Kubrick, aged 21, in 1949.The film’s theme is embodied in the actions of the protagonists, starring the real-life, then-married couple Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, who were so dedicated to the filming of Eyes Wide Shut that they agreed to film for a successive six months, during which Cruise, then at the peak of his career, had to delay filming of other projects.Nicole Kidman at the 2017 Cannes Film Festival. Photo by Georges Biard CC BY-SA 3.0This “to the hilt” approach was the main working strategy of the entire film crew which later won a place in the Guinness World Records as the longest continual movie shoot of 400 days in total.The overtly dynamic workflow had its downsides — Cruise developed ulcers during the shooting and later said in an interview for TIME Magazine: “I wanted this to work, but you’re playing with dynamite when you act. Emotions kick up. You try not to kick things up, but you go through things you can’t help.”Thomas Cruise Mapother IV. Photo by Georges Biard CC BY-SA 3.0However, Cruise added: “We knew from the beginning the level of commitment needed and we were going to do what it took to do this picture… I didn’t like playing Dr. Bill. I didn’t like him. It was unpleasant. But I would have absolutely kicked myself if I hadn’t done this.”Glamorous Hollywood leading Ladies Quotes.Kubrick’s communication with the actors, as well as his expectations during the filming, were intense. He wanted to present the essence of the Cruise-Kidman real-life relationship so he asked the couple to choose details of their on-screen bedroom and also prevented Cruise from coming to the set when he shot Kidman’s sex scene with a male actor in order to provoke a spark of jealousy which, Kubrick believed, would improve the portrayal of their characters.Kubrick with showgirl Rosemary Williams in 1949.Eyes Wide Shut was a very personal film to Kubrick as he recreated his and his wife’s private apartment as the set of the film’s New York apartment. The eccentric behavior of Kubrick extended during the filming and he even made Cruise do 95 takes of a scene of walking through a door.Read another story from us: Lost Stanley Kubrick script discovered & in perfect shape to be filmedKubrick died several days after showing his cut of the film to Warner Bros. That still begs the question of how much more time he would have taken to finish the editing. On one occasion, Kidman stated her doubts over the possibility of Kubrick’s final cut as she said that he was a perfectionist who was never fully satisfied with the results of his work and kept on tinkering with long-finished projects. Nevertheless, Eyes Wide Shut reached the top of the box office, earning $30,196,742 and thus becoming Kubrick’s most highly profitable film.